Information on Soybean:
Soybean is native to East Asia. This species is rich in protein protein, which is grown for human and animal feed.
Soybean is an economically viable food crop. Soybean products are used in a variety of ways, such as raw or processed tofu, soybean oil, soy sauce, confectionery, soy milk, okara … Protein in human diet as well as cattle.
In addition, soybean has the effect of improving soil, increasing the yield of other crops. This has been the N2 fixed activity of the symbiotic rhizobia on the dahlia root.
Nutrition from Soybean
Soybean seeds contain the following chemical constituents Protein (40%), lipid (12-25%), glucid (10-15%); Ca, Fe, Mg, P, K, Na, S salts; vitamins A, B1, B2, D, E, F; enzymes, wax, plastic, cellulose.
Soybean is full of essential amino acids isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, valine. In addition, soy is considered a complete source of protein because it contains significant amounts of non-essential amino acids needed for the body.
Soybean foods are considered “boneless meat” because they contain a high proportion of plant protein, which can substitute for protein from animal fats. Even so, the amount of protein in 100 grams of soybeans can be equivalent to the amount of protein in 800 grams of beef.
In countries such as Japan, China, 60% of daily protein intake is due to soybean supply. The protein content found in soybeans is much higher than the amount of protein contained in other beans.
Benefits from Soybean:
1. Prevention of cardiovascular disease
Protein in soybeans can replace animal proteins that reduce LDL (bad cholesterol), which can reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and high blood pressure.
2. Prevention of Breast and Prostate Cancer
Genistein, a soy isoflavone, has antioxidant properties that prevent the growth of cancer cells. In women, it will have an impact in preventing breast cancer while in men it is prostate cancer. In fact, consuming at least 10mg of soybeans (probably processed soybeans) per day can reduce the recurrence of breast cancer by 25%.
3. Reduce the risk of depression
Folate in edamame can help you avoid depression by preventing excess homocysteine from forming in your body. Homocysteine can block blood and nutrients to the brain, which can cause depression. Excessive homocysteine also hinders the production of good sensory hormones serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine – hormones that affect mood, sleep and appetite.
4. Prevention of diabetes, kidney disease
People with type 2 diabetes usually have kidney disease that causes the body to excrete too much protein in the urine. People who consume protein in soybeans produce less protein than those who consume animal protein, so the risk of kidney disease and diabetes also diminishes.
5. Enhance fertility
Women of childbearing age, consuming iron from plant sources such as soybeans, spinach, beans, pumpkins, tomatoes, sugar beets, reproductive. Women should also be aware of the adequate supply of folic acid needed during pregnancy to protect against neural tube defects in newborns. Consuming one cup of soybean daily provides 121% of the daily folate requirement.
6. Increase the energy level
If you do not get enough iron in your diet, your body’s energy efficiency is severely affected and you are prone to exhaustion due to lack of energy. Soybeans are a great source of iron as lentils, spinach and eggs … so you can consume them to provide you with energy.
7. Anti inflammatory
Choline is a very important nutrient to support our bodies in sleep, muscle movement, learning and memory. Choline also helps maintain the structure of the membrane, assists in the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in fat absorption and reduces chronic inflammation. Choline is high in soybeans, so it is considered to be a good anti-inflammatory food for the body.
8. Improve memory
Soybeans have a large amount of lecithin, which is one of the most important components of brain activity. Eating more soy may also help prevent Alzheimer’s. In addition, the lecithin, sterol, found in soy has the effect of increasing nerve function and vitality.
9. Prevent oxidation
Soybeans also have antioxidant effects, removing free radicals in the human body. At the same time, it also inhibits the growth of tumor cells, enhancing the immune function of the body.
10. Reduce blood fat
The plant sterols contained in soybeans have the effect of lowering cholesterol in the blood. Soybeans and soybean extracts work to lower total cholesterol, reduce bad cholesterol (ie, LDL cholesterol), prevent the growth of plaque, improve the elasticity of coronary arteries.
11. Prevent deafness
Soybeans contain large amounts of iron and zinc. The iron helps to soften the capillaries, ensuring blood supply to the ear. Soybeans are effective in preventing hearing loss in older people.
12. Reduce blood pressure
US researchers have found that people who are prone to high blood pressure are over-potassium deficient in sodium. Soybeans reduce blood pressure because soy is rich in potassium. Each 100 grams of soybeans contains 1503 mg of potassium. Therefore, patients with high blood pressure should eat soybeans to supplement potassium for the body.